Pilot Award Recipient: Leah Squires, PhD
Assessing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) among Men w/at risk for HIV
January 11, 2017
The goal of this study is to find out if a short questionnaire can identify men who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). IPV means having been hurt by a partner and may include hitting, yelling, threatening, stalking, shaming and/or talking down. This study is unique because it looks at violence experienced by men in intimate relationships. This has not been studied a lot, because men are usually seen as perpetrators of violence. This study focuses on IPV and HIV because IPV may make it hard for men to keep up with their in HIV care, and IPV is also connected to HIV risk behaviors. It is important to find out which men are experiencing intimate partner violence and to gather information on how these experiences affect men’s health and wellness in order to provide help. This study will: 1) Examine if a screening tool called the extended Hit-Insult-Threaten-Scream (EHITS) can accurately screen for intimate partner violence among men living with and at high risk for HIV; 2) Look at medical chart information such as age, race, mental health symptoms, and lab tests to see if there are common trends among men experiencing IPV; 3) Compare a computer-based questionnaire to an in person interview to see which method is best.
Adult men with and at risk for HIV will be recruited from clinics in Washington DC. 100 participants will attend one research study visit where they will complete the screening tool, as well as “gold standard” IPV measure and surveys of mental health and quality of life. A small number of participants will be invited to participate in individual interviews with a researcher to gather more in-depth information on how men think about IPV, and the participant’s thoughts and suggestions about the EHITS tool. For the methods comparison, an additional 25 participants will complete both the interview and computer format of the EHITS and provide feedback about which form they like best.